Migration is one of the leading challenges of today’s world.
Today, an unprecedented 66.6 million people have been forced to leave their home country. Among them, nearly 25.4 million are refugees and over half of them are under the age of 18 (UNHCR and UNICEF). A refugee seeks safety in another, often neighboring country when they’re experiencing threats at home. These threats might be climate-related, or the result of danger. Sometimes the choice to leave is the direct result of infringement on their human rights.
Push and pull factors for leaving your birth country
- Lack of services
- Lack of safety
- High crime
- Failure of agriculture
- Employment prospects
- Relative wealth
- Better public services
- Climate improvement
- Political stability
- Land ownership and fertility
- Lower risk of natural disasters, disease, famine
Sometimes, we cross national borders for many personal reasons: marriage, reuniting with family, exploration, and education. Don’t always assume that someone wants to return home. One of the important things to keep in mind is that you may be gone for years or even decades, and then return home when it makes sense.